Hypertension Treatment

Blood pressure is the measure of the pressure or force exerted on your blood vessel walls.
When this pressure is high, it is referred to as hypertension, an indication that the blood
vessel walls are consistently under increased pressure. Over time, this can increase the risk
of conditions such as stroke, heart attacks, kidney disease and vascular disease affecting
the eyes, limbs and brain.
You are often unware than you blood pressure is high as you rarely exhibit any symptoms.
Checking your blood pressure regularly at home with a blood pressure monitoring device is
generally recommended by physicians.
You are more likely to have high blood pressure if you have the following risk factors:

  • A family history of high blood pressure, diabetes or cardiovascular disease
  • Over 55 years old
  • Smoker
  • Consume processed meals high in sodium (salt)
  • Overweight
  • High alcohol consumption
  • Lack of exercise
StageBlood pressure
NormalUnder 120/80 mmHg
Elevated blood pressure120-129/ less than 80 mmHg
Stage 1 hypertension (mild)130-139/ 80-89 mmHg
Stage 2 hypertension (moderate)140/90 mmHg or higher
Hypertensive crisis (emergency)180/120 mmHg or higher

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